Saturday, December 26, 2015

Bed Bugs Extermination Canada

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Bed Bugs FAQ


Frequently Asked Questions provides information on identifying and dealing with bed bugs as well as answers questions most people trying to learn about the bugs need or may want to know. History of Bed BugsThe common bed bug, CEMEX lectularius L., the tropical bed bug, C. helipterums (Fabricius), and a few closely related species of blood-feeding true bugs (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) have been persistent pests of humans throughout recorded history. The human-host relationship may have evolved when humans still lived in caves and were exposed to cave bats. According to Usinger (1966), the two species of Cimex that feed on humans are related to Old World bat-infesting members of the genus that originated in the Palearctic regions.As humans moved from caves to tents and, ultimately, houses, bed bugs, especially the common bed bug, were probably brought along. Bed bugs appear in the literature and folklore of many cultures and countries, from the Greeks and Romans to early Jewish and Christian writings, and in the records of colonial Americans (Usinger 1966).After World War II, widespread use of synthetic insecticides led to sharp declines in bed bug populations in most industrialized countries. Scientists have no real answers as to why the resurgence. Many factors have been suggested but none have been scientifically proven. One thing that they do agree upon is that bed bugs were never fully wiped out.During the past 12 years, a resurgence of bed bugs has been reported in the U.S., Canada, the Middle East, several European countries, Australia and parts of Africa. Infestations have occurred in homes, hotels, hostels, cruise ships, trains, and long-term care facilities (Cooper and Harlan 2004, Doggett et al. 2004, Harlan et al. 2008, Hwang et al. 2005, Johnson 2005). The list goes on.


the size of bed bug skins collected for analysis by ARS scientists in Beltsville, Maryland.

Mental Health


As mentioned above, these unsavory creatures have, to date, not been proven to transmit disease from one person to another, but they do spread fear, embarrassment, discomfort and misery.Sleep disturbances are caused by the night-feeding pests, results in ongoing fatigue. For some, as noted, the bites cause mild to serious skin reactions that result in soreness or itching. Those who experience bites may also feel paranoia about the pests during the day and especially at night. Sometimes a person believes he or she is being actively bitten by the insects throughout the day even when no bugs are present.Perhaps the most common experience is the loss of control over their lives. Their home is no longer theirs and the constant feeling of being the prey has brought some individuals to thoughts of suicide.


Bed Bugs and Disease Transmission


Some researchers believe that bed bugs have potential allergen and respiratory effects, much like cockroaches.The possibility of transmission of human disease agents by bed bugs is very controversial. Since the insects repeatedly suck blood from humans and live a relatively long time, conceivably they might ingest a pathogen and later transmit it. Dr.George J.Burton, Vector-Borne Disease Specialist reported that bed bugs have been suspected in the transmission of 41 human diseases; however, finding a blood-sucking insect infected with a pathogen does not mean that it is a competent vector of that agent, or even a vector at all. Even though bed bugs have been found naturally infected with many disease agents, they have never been proved to transmit any diseases in any experiments that have been conducted.


How often do they bite?


All stages of Bed bugs need a blood meal between each molt and also for breeding purposes. There are 5 nymph stages for bed bugs to reach maturity, which usually takes about 32-48 days. A female can lay up to 3 sets of eggs after each mating. Both male and female adults will seek a blood meal at least once a week.Warmer temperatures seem to accelerate the feeding and molting process.After feeding forays, the bugs return to these sites, resulting in the formation of dense aggregations (mixed stages), known as “brood centers,” where eggs, fecal material, and shells also accumulate .Immature Bed bugs (First instars) will stay close to their host as nymphs will live without a blood meal but cannot travel far without experiencing a great deal of stress due to their size and water content. Adults can slowly travel up to 100 feet but these distances are unusual unless they have to seek out a new host. Adults can cover 16 feet in 5 minutes so you are not immune from wandering bugs.  In Atlanta, Georgia a study was done where 900 volunteers were introduced to one to three bedbugs from a lab colony for a feeding. Volunteers were monitored closely for reactions to the initial bite. Almost immediately, only 3.7 % of participants reacted with mild to serious skin irritation. Within 18 days, an additional 0.8 percent showed a reaction to bed bug bites. More than 95 % of the volunteers had NO REACTION. This indicates that bed bugs unfortunately gain the upper hand at colonization before their presence is known. It is also very important to realize that bed bugs cannot be diagnosed by the bite alone. While a medical professional can examine the bites, they can only conclude that the bite symptoms are consistent with those produced by bed bugs. Flea bites may also be the culprit. Usually pet owners assume they have been bitten by fleas before they realize that the bites are indeed caused by bed bugs.


Call BED BUG BITES to perform an inspection for the presence of bed bugs in the structure where the bites occurred. Even if it is a flea infestation our heat treatment effectively eliminates fleas as well.We recommend calling your doctor, especially if you see suspect your bites are infected.


Disinfect The Affected Area:


Apply a disinfectant to the bug bites to avoid infection. Rubbing alcohol and Benzyl Peroxide works fine for the bites. Apply the disinfectant to a cotton ball and dab the area where the bed bug bites are present.Take Anti-histamine:Anti-histamine is considered to control the itch caused by bed bugs. This treatment will further help to avoid scratching the bite and give it a chance to heal.Apply Heat and Cold:Where the bed bug bites are present gently hold an ice pack up to the area. Remove the ice pack after a few minutes and place a hot compress in its place. Alternate the hot and cold pack for 10-20 minutes two or three times per day. This will decrease the swelling as well as limit itchiness of the bite.


Apply Anti-Itch Cream:Use a tube of anti-itch cream available at local drug store or pharmacy. This will ease the itch and it is recommended to refrain from scratching bed bug bites, as this can lead to infection and scarsSuggestions for home treatment of bites-


• Wash skin with soap and hot water.


• Liberally apply an anti-bacterial or anesthetic cream


• Apply ice to avoid swelling/welting


• Repeat every 6-8 hours until symptoms subside.


Itching: There are a number of things you can do to stop the itching:Apply a calamine lotion to each bed bug bite of area of bites.Diatomaceous Earth with a cream or baking soda in a paste has worked for sufferers.Also Apple cider vinegar with a cotton ball gives relief.Do not scratch the bed bugs bites. Everyone will react differently to bed bug bites.  Some people may not even notice them. Others will have a very intense itching sensation.  Scratching only makes the itching worse and will cause an infection.Wash or dispose of all of your bedding materials and call us. Do not attempt to apply an insecticide yourself.  Some chemicals, if not applied properly, can actually cause more problems than the bed bugs do.


Where are bed bugs found?


There are three types of Bed Bugs. One resides in the Northern Hemisphere (Cimex lectularius), in tropical and semi tropical the Cimex hemipterus . Bed bugs can live in any area of the home and will often create a harborage in wood or pressboard furniture joints as well as on textiles and upholstered furniture. They tend to be most common in areas where people sleep or rest and generally concentrate in beds, including mattresses and seams, box springs, inside the hollow tubes of metal bed frames, wooden bed frame joints and notably behind the baseboards and quarter round. Other sites where bed bugs often hide include curtains, picture frames, edges of carpet and under carpet strips, gaps in wooden floors, in the corners and particularly joints inside dressers, night stands, and other furniture, torn wallpaper ,electrical outlets, behind screws of furniture and inside the spaces of wicker furniture. Look very closely for any possible harborage site. A magnifying glass and flashlight will greatly aid you if you wish to investigate yourself but a technician who has bed bug experience is advised. Immature Bed bugs (First instars)will stay close to their host as nymphs will live without a blood meal but cannot travel far without experiencing a great deal of stress due to their size and water content. Adults can slowly travel up to 100 feet but these distances are unusual unless they have to seek out a new host. Adults can cover 16 feet in 5 minutes so you are not immune from wandering bugs. If you suspect you have bed bugs do not move to another room to sleep. This will only cause a greater problem as you are encouraging them to spread and ultimately make it more difficult to eliminate them. Reports abound of people retreating to their cars for relief.


Again; you are giving the bed bugs an opportunity to hitchhike to other homes and offices. No one wants to inflict this bug on anyone.Avoidance of detection and survival mechanisms keeps them as close to their hosts as possible.Since bed bugs can live for months without feeding, they can also be found in vacant homes, warehouses, cottages, camps, recreational vehicles etc. A bed bug was kept alive for 565 days without a blood meal but reports vary from a few months to 18 months.


At the 57th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society in 2009, it was reported that newer generations of pesticide-resistant bedbugs in Virginia could survive only two months without a meal. This is good news in the battle to combat them.


What are Bed Bugs?


What do Bed Bugs look like?


Bed Bugs are small, oval, non-flying insects that belong to the insect family Cimicidae, which includes three species that bite people. Bed Bugs are Hematophagous Insects. (Bloodsuckers) Bed bugs belong to a group of insects that feed on blood throughout their lives and have been doing so successfully for at least 250 million years. Adult bed bugs reach 5-7 mm in length, while nymphs (juveniles) are as small as 1.5 mm. Bed bugs have flat bodies and resemble an apple seed in mature adults. Adult bed bugs are reddish brown in color, appearing more reddish after feeding on a blood meal. Nymphs are clear in color and appear bright red after feeding. The wings of bed bugs are vestigial (not functional), so they cannot fly.When they bite, bedbugs insert two tubes into the host, one that pumps an anti- coagulant and anesthetic and the other draws up blood. This is why individuals seldom know when they are being bitten. Often times they do not know for up to nine days and some people never experience a reaction. As the bites continue an allergic reaction sets in and some individuals experience a great deal of discomfort due the itching to multiple bites and painful secondary infections. Red lines emanating from the bite indicates a doctor’s attention. Reactions to bites can also vary significantly between individuals from a mild itchy welt to a more severe rash like symptom.


Does Cold Kill Bed Bugs?


Cold can kill bed bugs but the bottom line is you cannot reliably kill all bed bugs infesting objects by exposing them to 0o F temperatures.


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